Cluster Structures in the USA
The ECCP websie gives a broad overview regarding cluster structures of different markets outside the EU. According to its website, the US hosts several industry clusters which have been around for quite a long time supporting its economic growth such as the Silicon Valley for technology.
This cluster structures have been thoroughly studied by the U.S. Cluster Mapping project. They found that US American clusters can be differentiated between traded and local clusters. Traded clusters in this context are those which serve other markets or regions whereas local clusters primarily serve the local market. Hence, traded clusters are the ones which should be targeted when getting in contact with the US. As in Europe, these clusters consist of companies of different sizes. Some are represented by a formal cluster initiative/organization and others have public organizations such as regional competitiveness initiatives and institutions which play a similar role, or are completely organic.
The U.S. Cluster Mapping also gives some insights about the different regions and their cluster structures. In state New York, for example, 50,000 people work for the Information Technology and Analytical Instruments industry whereof most are employed in the fields of Software, Electronic Components and Semiconductors. Listed cluster organizations in this region are:
> Advanced Cyber Security Center (Boston area)
> Advanced Manufacturing in Thermal and Environmental Controls (Syracuse area)
> New York Photonics (Rochester area)
> The Solar Energy Consortium (Kingston area)
Moreover, there is the “NY Loves Nanotech” cluster regarding the Advanced Electronics area in the New York region.
In the US, there are also EU business networks as well as cooperation facilitators such as the European Enterprise Network (EEN) which is present in Cleveland, Durham, San Diego and our targeted region New York.